Globalization Resources
Efficiency Solutions. Comprehensive document and record management solutions to make companies more competitive. 

Translation, Getting it Right:  This excellent guide intended for translation clients has been made available in PDF by the Institute of Translation & Interpreting (ITI). (To save this PDF file to your computer, right click the link and choose "save as.")

Unicode:  The Unicode Standard is a character coding system designed to support the worldwide interchange, processing, and display of the written texts of the diverse languages of the modern world. 

Global Edge: Comprehensive directory of international business, marketing, and trade resources. Also provides feature articles and international conference announcements. 

CIA World Factbook. Online resource by the United States Central Intelligence Agency offering country profiles and reference maps. 

MyExports:  Created through a partnership with the U.S. Department of Commerce, MyExports gives US exporters a simple way to establish contacts and conduct global business. 

International Association of Universities:  Country-specific information regarding higher education systems. 

Incoterms:  Incoterms are standard trade definitions most commonly used in international sales contracts. Devised and published by the International Chamber of Commerce, they are at the heart of world trade. 

Interesting Tidbits

Word of the Day

This Day in History


Key Terms

Internationalization:  Internationalization is the process of generalizing a product so that it can handle multiple languages and cultural conventions without the need for re-design. Internationalization takes place at the level of program design and document development.  
    An internationalized product:
    * Reduces cost and time to market;
    * Facilitates the localization of the product.

Localization:  Localization involves taking a product and making it linguistically and culturally appropriate to the target locale (country/region and language) where it will be used and sold. 

Globalization:  Globalization addresses the business issues associated with taking a product global. In the globalization of high-tech products this involves integrating localization throughout a company, after proper internationalization and product design, as well as marketing, sales, and support in the world market.

Globalization Strategies 

  Global Strategy

Product is the same in all countries.
Centralized control - little decision-making authority on the local level. Effective when differences between countries are small.
Advantages: cost, coordinated activities, faster product development.

   Multi-domestic Strategy
Product customized for each market.
Decentralized control - local decision making.
Effective when large differences exist between countries.
Advantages: product differentiation, local responsiveness, minimized political risk, minimized exchange rate risk.

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